An international comparative study of outcomes after traumatic brain injury


  • The findings of this study suggest that individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Australia are more likely to be married and living independently (both one and two years after injury), and more likely to be employed (two years after injury) compared with those in the US.

Why this matters

  • Since the 1980s, two studies have followed individuals with moderate to severe TBI, including the TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) National Database in the US and the Longitudinal Head Injury Outcome Study (limited to people injured in motor vehicle crashes) by the Monash Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre (MERRC) in Australia.

  • After discharge from acute rehabilitation, patients from both databases are offered access to continued medical monitoring, post-acute therapies and additional support.

  • This study provides an insight into the differences in outcomes between cohorts from the TBIMS and MERRC databases at one and two years after injury.