The Salzburg criteria may not be accurate in diagnosing nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE).
Why this matters
Diagnosis of NCSE is very challenging due to subtle or misleading clinical symptoms, and there is no global or regional diagnostic consensus.
The Salzburg criteria have previously been clinically validated for NCSE diagnosis, but there is concern about study bias.
Identifying criteria with a high degree of diagnostic accuracy for NCSE would lead to improved diagnosis and clinical management of the condition.