Characteristics of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury and recovery


  • Female sex, and comorbidities such as migraine or emotional stress (including anxiety and depression), are associated with a slower recovery time in pediatric patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or concussion.

Why this matters

  • Pediatric mild TBI and concussion represent a public health challenge, with nearly a third of patients experiencing prolonged recovery and ongoing impairments, impacting quality of life; however, most research regarding outcomes is based on relatively short timeframes.

  • Devising methods to identify pediatric patients with mild TBI or concussion, at risk for prolonged recovery, may contribute to more effective prognostic estimates and individualized therapies, to support recovery more effectively and enhance long-term outcomes.