DNA methylation may be a useful marker in accessing cognitive and behavioral outcomes in children

Takeaway

  • Epigenetics may be a possible mechanism in the association between early-life exposure and behavioral and cognitive outcomes in children.

Why this matters

  • Epidemiological studies suggest that child cognitive development may be related to early-life nutrition, with some studies demonstrating a positive association between breast-feeding and child cognition.

  • Furthermore, it has been suggested that epigenetic processes such as DNA methylation may be a possible mechanism in the association between early-life exposures and human diseases.