Evaluation of graded motor imagery in complex regional pain syndrome


  • Applying graded motor imagery (GMI) in patients with upper limb complex regional pain syndrome (CPRS) results in changes in clinical, behavioral, and neuropathological parameters.

Why this matters

  • Studies investigating biomarkers impacted by GMI, particularly those determined by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and transcranial magnetic stimuli (TMS), are lacking.

  • This study provides support that GMI improves important clinical biomarkers of CPRS.