Identifying prognostic factors in postconcussion syndrome following minor traumatic brain injury

Takeaway

  • Patients with a vulnerable work status and preinjury health problems may be at increased risk for postconcussion syndrome (PCS) following minor traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and may benefit from targeted post-MTBI follow-up and treatment.

Why this matters

  • PCS describes persistent somatic, cognitive and emotional symptoms in the months to years following MTBI. Interestingly, only a weak association has been found between severity of MTBI and risk of PCS. Personal preinjury factors including personality and mental and physical health have been associated with risk of PCS, indicating a biopsychosocial treatment approach may be beneficial. However, research is needed to clarify which personal factors are most important.