Maternal Epstein-Barr virus antibody levels during pregnancy and offspring multiple sclerosis risk


  • High maternal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) antibody levels during pregnancy are associated with increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) in offspring.

Why this matters

  • Maternal antibodies to EBV VCA have been associated with chronic diseases in offspring.

  • Additional information is needed to understand the association between maternal EBV antibodies and offspring health, including MS risk.