Maternal opioid exposure during pregnancy

Takeaway

  • Maternal opioid exposure was associated with higher risks of fetal growth restriction; pre-term birth; lack of expected physiological development; conduct disorder/emotional disturbance and diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Why this matters

  • The rate of opioid use disorder among pregnant women in the US has significantly increased over the past decade, but little is known about the long-term physical and mental health consequences of children exposed to opioids in the womb.

  • Understanding the impact of opioid abuse among pregnant women will help prevent adverse outcomes in their children and will aid in the development of policies and programs to address the growing opioid epidemic.