Narrow hard palates, sleep problems, and neurodevelopment in premature infants until age two


  • Abnormal orofacial anatomy at birth and over time in premature infants is associated with obstructive sleep disordered breathing, sleep problems and impaired neurodevelopment.

Why this matters

  • Premature infants have more sleep problems at age 2 than full-term infants; the presence of a narrow hard palate (NHP) may result in abnormal breathing during sleep and continue to impact sleep quality and typical development in the first two years of life.