Neurodevelopmental outcomes in pre-term infants

Takeaway

  • Very low birthweight infants (VLBWI) have a higher prevalence of developmental delay, epilepsy and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) at 9 years of age versus the general population.

Why this matters

  • Advances in perinatal medicine have improved survival rates in VLBWI; however, the rate of unfavorable neurodevelopmental outcomes that can profoundly impact quality of life is still high in these children.
  • Identification of neurodevelopmental risk factors in VLBWI may impact the formulation of factor-specific interventional or therapeutic strategies, potentially improving outcomes and quality of life for these children.