Prevalence, impact and risk factors for persistent pain after surgery for breast cancer


  • Moderate to severe persistent pain after breast cancer surgery (PPBCS) is common and has a significant impact on psychological and physical well-being, with key risk factors for pain being Non-European ethnicity, reconstructive surgery and axillary node dissection.

Why this matters

  • Given the high numbers undergoing breast cancer surgery, greater efforts should be made to identify those at risk of PPBCS perioperatively to inform clinical management decisions.