The biopsychosocial framework of episodic cervicogenic headache


  • Multidimensional pain processing, lifestyle and psychosocial characteristics are associated with cervicogenic headaches (CeH) and highlight the need for research targeting lifestyle and psychosocial factors for its management.

Why this matters

  • There is currently limited evidence to support the effectiveness of the current non-pharmacological management recommendations for CeH.

  • While disturbed pain processing has been reported in patients with chronic CeH, this has not yet been investigated in episodic CeH.

  • In particular, the relationship between pain processing, lifestyle and psychosocial characteristics, which associate with chronification of pain, has yet to be explored in episodic CeH.